Carmine’s history with the labour movement dates back to the 1970s when he signed his first union card with UFCW Canada 175. During the early 1980s, Carmine worked at a Loblaws store part-time while attending high school and at a Loblaws warehouse while attending university. In the summers, he worked at both. After university, Carmine became a manager with Loblaws. His need to stand up for fellow workers drove him to become a union steward in the mid-1980s. In the years that followed, Carmine held a variety of roles with the local union, including volunteer organizer, instructor, divisional officer and executive board member. He was working as a full-time produce manager when the local union hired him in 1998. Carmine is fluent in Italian.